• First Grade Reading Curriculum


    Reading Comprehension (Before Reading)

    First graders are expected to use reading strategies taught throughout the year to preview book components in order to make predictions and establish a purpose for reading. 

    • Do a picture walk (identify cover, title, author, illustrator, table of contents)
    • Identify genre (biography, fantasy, realistic fiction, nonfiction, folktale, play, etc.)
    • Activate prior knowledge
    • Ask yourself the following questions:
        • Who are the main characters?
        • What is the setting?
        • What events do you think will take place?
        • Is there a problem in the story?

    Reading Comprehension (During Reading)

    During reading, students are encouraged to use the following reading strategies:

    1. Check the picture
    2. Start the word
    3. Skip the word and reread
    4. Chunk/break into smaller parts
    5. Think about the story and what makes sense

    The following skills are also taught:

    • picture clues
    • phonological awareness
    • word analysis
    • context clues
    • sentence structure
    • reread
    • predict and revise

    Reading Comprehension (After Reading)

    After reading, students are encouraged to:

    • retell characters, setting, events (beginning, middle, and end)
    • make personal connection
    • distinguish between reality and fantasy
    • make a reading response
    • make conclusions

    Fluency (Fluency is the ability to ready smoothly.)

    • Accuracy
    • Self-Correction
    • Punctuation
    • Reading Rate


    Literary Components

    • Genres (Drama/Poetry)
    • Style (Character/Mood)
    • Sound Devices (Rhyme/Alliteration/Repetition/Rhythm)

    Story Elements

    • Characters
    • Setting
    • Events



    The reading strategies and skills that are taught throughout the year are:

    • classification/categorizing
    • initial and final consonants
    • inferences/predicting outcomes
    • main idea
    • compound words
    • consonant blends and digraphs: sh, wh, th (ex: ship, what)
    • short and long vowels
    • reality/fantasy
    • contractions
    • antonyms
    • synonyms
    • cause and effect
    • sequencing
    • compare and contrast
    • rhyming
    • segmentation and blending
    • endings (ed, ing, s, es, 's, er, est)

    Guided reading is a huge focus in my classroom.  Each child in my room will read at their own independent level.  During guided reading I will pull students to work with me on skills and concepts appropriate to their level.  While I work with small, individualized groups, other students work on various centers that focus on reading skills, writing skills, math skills, and/or any other skills that have been taught throughout the year.  In my classroom I use a leveling system for reading.  I have book baskets that correspond to each level, beginning at level 1 and going through level 16 and beyond.  Throughout each marking period, children are expected to reach certain benchmarks with their reading.  They are as follows:


    End of Trimester 1:  Level 6

    End of Trimester 2:  Level 12

    End of Trimester 3:  Level 16 (non-fiction)



    This system will be explained to you in detail during our parent-teacher conferences at the end of the first trimester.  If you wish to talk to me about this prior to our conferences, please feel free to contact me at any time!  I will be happy to talk to you about my reading program!


    What can you do to help your child develop his or her reading skills???

    READ      READ      READ

    It is very important that your child reads aloud to someone each and every night! 

    The ONLY way to get better at reading is by reading!!!